Peppers have an immense variety. Among the most notorious types is the Cayenne Pepper, a popular spice that can be easily planted and harvested at your home garden.
Considered the “king of medicinal herbs”, the Cayennes have medicinal properties and an impressive nutrition profile. Are you interesting in growing and harvesting Cayennes to call your own? Check useful tips below:
How to start seeding Cayennes?
Cayenne peppers love some heat and germinate better at a constant temperature – at, approximately, 24ºC. If you’re planting it indoors, make sure to provide the proper heat and warmth that the seed needs to sprout. They’re delicate plants and don’t react nicely to overly hot or cold temperatures.
Triple S is what a pepper needs Cayenne peppers need a triple solution pack, which includes soil, spacing, and sunlight.
A well-drained soil that has a neutral pH, space to flow low nitrogen levels and a good amount of sunlight (especially indoors) are all you need to make your pepper plants love you.
Pepper seedlings need, approximately, 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day to sprout and 18 to 24 inches apart in the container garden (so the nitrogen can move along).
Also, the “triple S pack” of solutions can also prevent plant poisoning or pests that could disturb your pepper’s healthy growth.
Watering the peppers
After planting your seeds, water them immediately – and regularly throughout the season. Peppers love the sun, but they can also be dehydrated if not watered regularly.
Make sure to keep a watering routine of 1 to 2 inches of water per week. But, of course, take care not to overwater your pepper plant! A saturated soil may cause the foliage to go yellow and harm its nutrients natural flow. So, take care not to saturate your plants.
Do I need to transplant or fertilize my pepper plants?
Since peppers are tropical, heat-loving plants, they should be placed where the sunlight can reach them. If you’re planning to plant them outdoors, remember to transplant them inside in winter, colder days so they won’t get chilled by the cold.
Transplanting cayenne peppers can be done when the seedlings begin to grow and when the outside climate is not proper for them. If they’re already placed indoors, transplanting probably won’t be necessary.
When transplanting, also beware that cayennes are in a phase of growth and to bear fruit, so they’ll need to receive proper nutrients to increase (and proper space).
Fertilize the soil into which you’ll set the transplants with a 5-10-10 fertilizer, which contains 5% nitrogen, 10% phosphate and 10% potash.
Time to harvest your cayenne peppers – and add them to your meal!
Cayenne’s deep, red color is distinctive of peppers that are fully ripe - but you don’t need to wait for them to become red to harvest them. You can pick them up and already add them to your meal when they’re green and not completely spicy.
Making an early harvest may be the trick to add them to your meal if you are not so fond of the hot, fully spice flavor.
Out tips for a successful cayenne pepper harvest are:
- Make sure to use gloves, since the pepper’s oil can burn and damage the skin. If you have an extra-sensitive eye, also remember to protect it with gloves or glasses.
- Don’t pull, cut! By pulling, it’s possible that the roots system become dislodged.
- Try to harvest more oftenly, because harvesting encourages the production or more fruits.
After harvested, cayenne peppers can provide a fresh, spicy taste to your meals and toppings!
Other popular types of pepper that are perfect for growing at home are:
- Jalapeno pepper
- Large Sweet pepper
Visit our exclusive recipe blog and check out amazing meals that you can prepare with cayenne peppers: